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Arterial hypertension: foods and plants that help treat hypertension

Hypertension is a chronic condition that occurs when the force of blood against the walls of the arteries is consistently high. It can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure.

Risk factors for hypertension include:

age, family history, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, stress, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and kidney disease. Additionally, a diet high in salt, saturated and trans fats, and low in fruits and vegetables can contribute to hypertension.

There are two types of hypertension:

-Primary (essential) hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is the most common type and has no identifiable cause.

-Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying medical condition.

The goal of hypertension treatment is to lower blood pressure to prevent complications such as heart attack, stroke, and kidney damage. Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol and salt intake, and quitting smoking can help manage hypertension.

Pharmacological treatment of hypertension:

Involves medications that lower blood pressure, such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and beta-blockers. These medications are prescribed by a healthcare professional and should be taken as directed.

Certain foods and plants have been found to have beneficial effects on hypertension. Here are some examples:

  1. Garlic: Garlic has been shown to lower blood pressure in people with hypertension. It is believed that the sulfur compounds in garlic help relax blood vessels and increase nitric oxide production.

  2. Berries: Berries are high in flavonoids, which are compounds that have been found to reduce blood pressure. Examples include blueberries, strawberries, and raspberries.

  3. Leafy greens: Leafy greens such as spinach, kale, and collard greens are high in potassium, which can help lower blood pressure by counteracting the effects of sodium.

  4. Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish such as salmon and tuna, have been shown to reduce blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health.

  5. Hibiscus tea: Hibiscus tea is a herbal tea made from the hibiscus flower. It has been found to lower blood pressure in people with hypertension, possibly due to its antioxidant and diuretic properties.

In addition to incorporating these foods into your diet, it is important for hypertensives to follow a healthy, balanced diet that is low in salt, saturated and trans fats, and high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. A healthcare professional or registered dietitian can help develop a personalized diet plan for individuals with hypertension.

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